In a previous post, we talked about some of the specific guidelines you need to follow when treating patients who have fainted. Also known as syncope, fainting is a common occurrence and as a medical flight paramedic, you may encounter a few patients in this situation. In this post, you’ll get more details about the guidelines released by the American College of Cardiology so you can get a thorough understanding of what to do.
More tips on handling medical flight patients with syncope
The previous post talked about the initial steps you need to take when you encounter a patient who has fainted. And those steps can be used by medical flight paramedics. According to the American College of Cardiology, health care professionals can follow the guidelines below when they have to treat a patient who faints:
- Some patients may have fainted because of irregular heartbeats, which can even be life-threatening. To determine whether your patient is facing this issue, doctors can use an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator to regulate the heartbeats.
- For syncope patients who have heart conditions, beta-blockers can be a good option.
- Health care providers should advise fainting patients to restrict their exercise in the future.
- Patients with recurring fainting spells resulting from very low heart rate might require pacemakers. In case of patients with common faints, drugs may be enough to control the situation.
- In case of unexplained fainting, heart rhythm monitoring is a good option to determine whether or not the patient has intermittent heart rhythm issues resulting in fainting.
The American College of Cardiology also advises athletes with fainting issues to visit an experienced health care provider for a heart assessment. These are some of the basic guidelines that can help in providing the right level of care for people who faint.
An associate degree or a certificate with the relevant certification and training is usually enough for a person to qualify as an air ambulance paramedic. And people who do hold this position are highly-trained and professional. They have the expertise and the knowledge required to carry out their duties. But having a higher education is ideal to secure your job as a paramedic for an air ambulance service.
Benefits of Higher Education to Work for an Air Ambulance Service
There are many air ambulance paramedics out there who are perfectly capable of carrying out their duties despite only fulfilling the minimum education requirement. However, a higher education is ideal to better perform your duties because of the following reasons:
- Better comprehension – In your training to become an air ambulance paramedic, you will be covering plenty of text books and course books to help you learn the basics. And when you have a higher degree, there’s a better chance of you understanding what these books are saying. Although most paramedic students will be able to read the books, students who have a low grade level reading skill might find it more challenging to comprehend the study course.
- Better ability to make rational decision – Being a paramedic for an air ambulance service requires rational thinking, which will lead to rational decision making. For this, you need to train your brain to logically work through difficult situations and problems.
Courses in math and accounting can help with this and if you have a higher education, it’s likely that you would have gotten through such courses. So you will be able to easily make accurate drug calculations, time and distance calculations, etc.
- Better ability to handle complexities in paramedicine – A higher education also improves your chances of understanding changes and revolutions in paramedicine. It could help you gain a better understanding of complex pathophysiology, anatomy, and physiology.
If you have Medicare coverage, you can get coverage for ambulance transportation to or from the hospital. The coverage also includes skilled nursing facility (SNF) or critical access hospital (CAH). It’s important to remember that Medicare will help you pay for ambulance services but only if other modes of transportation could be harmful for your health. This doesn’t necessarily mean you automatically quality for air ambulance transport either. First, let’s take a look at the medical necessity of availing ambulance transport.
Medical Requirement for Availing Ambulance Transport Under Medicare
Medicare will pay for the cost of emergency ambulance transportation in case of sudden medical emergencies with your health being in serious danger, provided that other modes of transportation like cars and taxi could endanger your health. You can get coverage for ambulance transportation if:
- You’re unconscious
- You’re bleeding heavily
- You’re in shock
- You require skilled medical treatment throughout the transportation
Requirements to Qualify for Air Ambulance Transport Under Medicare
The above-mentioned examples don’t necessarily qualify you fir air ambulance transport that is covered by Medicare. To be eligible for medical transport by air, your condition must require immediate and fast transportation that cannot be done through ground transportation. Medicare will cover for your expenses only if your condition fulfills the following requirements:
- Ground transportation can’t easily reach your location
- Obstacles like heavy traffic, long distances, etc. could prevent you from getting the immediate care that you require if you’re traveling by ground ambulance
There may even be a few but special instances wherein Medicare will cover for the cost of ambulance transport even in non-emergency cases. This is provided in case you have a doctor’s letter stating that your medical condition requires transportation with an ambulance.
Contrary to popular belief, hospitals are rarely involved in dispatch of a medical flight. The decision is almost entirely taken by the ground crew and treating doctor who determine whether the patient would benefit from an air ambulance service or not. Of course, there are some protocols that are followed. Although the process and protocols vary depending on the jurisdiction, there are certain common determinants that we discuss here.
Time Taken for Medical Flight Dispatch
It must be understood that not all hospitals have a medical flight on standby. It takes a reasonable amount of time to get the flight ready for takeoff. If this time and the time required to transport the patient is too much when compared to ground ambulance transport, the latter may be chosen. There is also a cost consideration when the difference in time advantage is too small.
Location and Distance of Transfer
This is another important criterion. Sometimes the location is too far away from the hospital and the patient’s health does not permit long travel times. Also, the location may be inaccessible through roads. In circumstances like these, the decision is usually made to opt for a medical flight to keep the patient safe.
The Condition of the Patient
This is of extreme importance. A delay by half an hour can mean the difference between life and death for the patient. In scenarios like these, a decision is taken quickly to call for an air ambulance and the patient is transported. Near-drowning, prior history or suspected stroke, and severe trauma could be some of the conditions that could influence the decision.
The Weather Conditions for the Medical Flight
If there are adverse weather conditions that prevent the choppers from flying, the patient may be transported through other means. As a matter of policy, the lives of crew members are not put to risk knowing very well that taking off in bad weather could be fatal.
It is important to understand that the above are just a few of the reasons that influence medical flight dispatch decisions. It is always the competent medical authority that takes the final decision.
There was a time when medical air services were nothing but means to get the injured and the critically ill to medical facilities. With technology, air ambulances have evolved a great deal today. The evolution has been to the extent that medical flights these days are nothing short of hospitals on wings. With physicians onboard, the survival chances of people involved in accidents, shootings and stabbings are much better. The United States is also among the few countries in the world that have a huge number of air ambulances, ready to carry patients anytime, anywhere.
Medical Procedures that Medical Air Services Handle
Air ambulances are usually loaded with equipment like oxygen and vital monitors. There are instances where invasive procedures such as thoracotomy too have been performed. Emergency amputations and putting patients into induced coma also can be carried out in a medical flight. How can we forget the role of air ambulances in ferrying Ebola patients to the United States during the crisis in African countries recently? The medical air services were so equipped that risk-free quarantines were created within them.
Air Ambulances Employ Highly Qualified Personnel
Quality of care is the hallmark of most air ambulance service providers. Special training is invariably given to the crew and ongoing training sessions are conducted. There are specialty medical flights – just like hospitals – that take care of specific concerns. For instance, you can find pediatric intensive care units within air ambulances, complete with qualified staff to handle infants.
Career in the air ambulance industry is also a highly sought out one in the United States today. The excitement of being in the midst of action and big pay packages have meant that qualified medical personnel are eager to join the industry. For a common man, the developments mean quicker and efficient healthcare services.
Medical emergencies pop up just about any time. What if they pop up during your overseas vacation? You might be chilling out somewhere in Cuba and suddenly your partner suffers a stroke. You get your partner transported to a hospital and suddenly, you realize that the standards of healthcare are below your expectation. That’s when the panic kicks in.
The first thing that comes to mind is a worldwide air ambulance service that can get your partner safely back home for quality medical care. But then you realize, you’re in Cuba and getting out of a country that doesn’t enjoy a great diplomatic equation with your home country is not all that easy. That’s when the connections of your air ambulance service provider come into picture.
Always Choose Experienced Worldwide Air Ambulance Services
Well-known worldwide air ambulance companies have contacts at the highest level. Take for instance that the Cuban officials put a 24-hour hold on the air ambulance services. These 24 hours could mean the difference between life and death, and staying back is not a choice.
A worldwide air ambulance company that has the right connections will put in all efforts to push the right buttons (and strings) at the highest level to get you evacuated. There are organizations and sympathetic political leaders throughout the world. The only thing needed is the right approach to get to them.
Of Course, Worldwide Air Ambulance Cover Matters
While getting out of a country is one issue, footing the air ambulance bill is another. Your worldwide air ambulance company will be at ease when it knows that you are covered financially. Transporting a patient beyond borders is typically an expensive affair. However, the good news is that there are worldwide air ambulance coverage programs designed specifically for this purpose. The next time, you set out for an overseas vacation, keep these aspects in mind. After all, it pays to be safe.
The United States of America spends the highest amount of money on healthcare in the world. It was already at $2.9 trillion in 2013, which has only increased since. This is not necessarily a bad thing as patients invariably get excellent medical care throughout the country.
The insurance too, for the most part, covers the expenses well, although it’s a bit long-drawn sometimes. However, air ambulance service coverage has been a bone of contention for sometime with most of the blame going to the air ambulance service provider rather than the insurance companies. Take the instance of air ambulance services in Montana.
Air Ambulance Service in Montana
Montana is mostly comprised of rural areas, so speciality healthcare is not always available close by, necessitating use of air ambulance service for adequate treatment. The air ambulance services are not always covered by insurance companies in full and the reason given is that the service is not “in-network” and only the companies that are in the insurance network are covered.
Bargaining Power of Air Ambulance Service Providers Matters
To get to the core of the problem, one needs to understand the negotiations held between air ambulance service providers and insurance providers. In a place like Montana, there are a few insurance providers; in fact, there are just three. This gives the insurance companies huge bargaining power when fixing an amount that would be given to the air ambulance service provider. Most air ambulance companies are wary of settling for a low price as it doesn’t adequately cover the cost. As a result, they choose to stay out of the network. Insurance companies only cover air ambulance services in full if they are offered by companies “in network.”
Moreover, the patient rarely gets to choose an air ambulance service provider. Last year alone, Montana saw over 3,000 medical flights. There needs to be some consensus between all the insurance providers and air ambulance service providers if the patients are to benefit in the true sense.
Airambulance industry is growing at a rapid pace today and is a great career option for those who are in the medical profession. Doctors who have great problem-solving skills and quick wits are considered ideal for the job. Of course, there is also a sense of adventure involved in rescuing people stranded in tough conditions. The basic aspects such as being licensed and authorized in the state where the doctor practices are a must. Apart from that, there are certain other aspects that are vital to be an airambulance physician.
Being Within Reach during Airambulance Emergency
The job of an airambulance physician knows no time. Although most doctors are accustomed to emergencies, being constantly on call is not everyone’s cup of tea. Most airambulance companies demand that the flight physician stays within a radius of 2 hours from the base.
The job also requires dedication as the physician may have to attend periodic educational sessions and also constantly demonstrate expertise and experience pertaining to modern prehospital care as well as hospital care. The airambulance doctor might also be asked to take responsibility of quality maintenance.
Necessary Qualifications to be an Airambulance Physician
The physician must attend aviation physiology course in accordance to the Department of Transportation standards. This also mandates attendance once every three years. Most companies demand that the following certifications must be valid at all times.
Then there are optional ones such as:
However, it should be noted that the requirements may wary from one airambulance service provider to another. Also, there are separate set of certifications for pediatric doctors and neonatal doctors who wish to be airambulance physicians. While some companies might ask for prior experience, it’s not hard to find an airambulance company that hires experienced and certified doctors who have no prior experience as airambulance doctors.
Our soldiers lay their life on the line to keep the borders of United States safe. They surge ahead on the battlefield with a sense of purpose backing them in dangerous situations. There’s no doubt that these soldiers when they retire from active duty, are well respected throughout the country, but they’re not devoid of problems with adjustment in civilian life.
These highly skilled and disciplined patriots often find it tough to fit in the civilian environment, especially in the professional front. The reason is simple, they fail to find meaning in the professional life as a civilian after years of purposeful profession. Medical flight services bring veterans respite.
Medical Flight Services have a Greater Meaning
Just like the military that saves lives by acting beyond borders, medical flight services saves lives back home. For veterans the profession gives a sense of purpose. Also, the life in the military is always fast-paced and so is the life of people involved in medical flight services. The military also trains the personnel in several aspects that are well-suited in the medical flight services industry. Of course, being able to fly the aircraft is a big advantage if the veteran has been a military pilot. Then, there are also other roles such as helping evacuate wounded military personnel, flight coordination, and experience in emergency medical services. Such skills are in high demand in the air ambulance industry which is rapidly growing today.
The Pay in Medical Flight Services is Pretty Good
Like all professions the pay depends on experience, but with a strong background of dealing with medical emergencies, military personnel have a better chance of making it big in a relatively short period of time in medical flight services. In fact, pilots and emergency medical personnel are actively sought by medical flight services in the country by major service providers.
You are just recovering from a serious health issue that demanded immediate attention. The matter was so urgent that it warranted an air ambulance transport. Just when you think that the worst is over, you are hit with a huge air ambulance transport bill. You breathe a sigh of relief knowing that you are covered by your insurance. Then, another shocker: the insurance company refuses to foot the entire cost. You suddenly find yourself spending sleepless nights not knowing how to foot such a huge air ambulance transport bill. Don’t worry, there’s still hope for you.
The Air Ambulance Transport Bill could be a “Sticker Shock”
It’s not unheard of in the healthcare industry where the listing prices are kept very high and air ambulance transport industry is no different. The prices are significantly lowered later, depending on the negotiating capacity of the patient. It is not unusual for air ambulance providers to come down to half the listed price. Some even offer flexible payment options.
Insurance companies that have huge number of subscribers are most likely to get huge discounts from air ambulance transport companies. Another factor is payment in cash. If you have the resources, the discount could be great. Also, you stand to gain if the air ambulance transport company is in the network of your insurance provider.
Community-Based Air Ambulance Transport Programs
Is the air ambulance transport company that you chose a part of community-based air ambulance transport program? If it is, then you’re lucky. The price is going to be low and is very likely to be covered by your insurance program. However, some air ambulance transport companies remain out of such community-based programs. These companies usually charge a huge amount which is not always covered by insurance companies. The amount not covered is usually recovered through the patient. If you have been served by one such air ambulance company, you might want to negotiate hard with the air ambulance transport company.
The different states of the United States are also in the process of designing a priority list which will mandate that health care providers give preference to community-based air ambulance transport companies before calling a provider who is out of such network.